What Is Sheol?

What Is Sheol?

      The Intermediate State   The great white throne judgment is when God will resurrect every un-regenerated soul from Hades (HAY-deez) to be judged as shown in this passage: REVELATION 20:13-15The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each person was judged according to what he had done.  Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. The lake of fire is the second death. If anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire. We see plain evidence here that unredeemed people are held in a place called Hades after their physical death. This place is called Sheol (she-OHL) in the original Hebrew of the Old Testament. These...

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Sheol In the Bible: Psalms Part 1

Sheol In the Bible: Psalms Part 1

          The book of Psalms consists of 150 songs called psalms. Half of the psalms were written by Solomon’s father, King David, and some anonymous ones were likely written by him as well. Other psalmists include Moses, Solomon, Asaph, Ethan and Heman. Regardless of who wrote each psalm, one fact is certain: All the psalms are “God-breathed” (2 Timothy 3:16) since all the psalmists “spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit” (2 Peter 1:21). For more proof of this, notice what Jesus said about David in a discussion with the Pharisees: [Jesus] said to them, “How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him ‘Lord’? For he says, (44) “ ‘The Lord said to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies...

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Sheol in the Bible: Psalms Part 2

Sheol in the Bible: Psalms Part 2

  Continuing with our study of Sheol in the Psalms, let’s consider this important question…   Did David Pray for His Ex-Friend to Go to a Hellish Torture Chamber?   Notice David’s statement in this passage: PSALM 55:15 (KJV) Let death seize upon them, and let them go down quick into hell (Sheol): for wickedness is in their dwellings, and among them. David is obviously referring to his enemies in this text, yet it’s interesting to note that one of these enemies was once a very close friend of his. This is revealed in the preceding lines, verses 12-14 (as well as verses 20-21). At one time David had shared “sweet fellowship” with this person, but by the time of the writing of this psalm it appears that this one-time close friend had...

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Further Proof that Hell is Everlasting Destruction

Further Proof that Hell is Everlasting Destruction

          There is one biblical book in particular that simply and clearly backs up all the evidence for literal everlasting destruction that we’ve amassed so far, the book of 2 Peter.   2 Peter on Everlasting Destruction   Let’s observe what this book has to say about human damnation starting with a text already briefly touched on in Chapter One: 2 PETER 2:6 If he [God] condemned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah by burning them to ashes and made them an example of what is going to happen to the ungodly… God is telling us right here precisely what the eternal fate of ungodly people will be: The utter destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah is God’s example of what will ultimately happen to them. How exactly did God destroy these cities as an example? Why, by...

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The Rich Man and Lazarus

The Rich Man and Lazarus

              Let’s now look at the sole reason why Christians have traditionally believed that Sheol is a state of conscious existence where bad people suffer constant fiery torment hoping for a tiny bit of water for relief and Old Testament saints are comforted in paradise at Abraham’s side. I’m, of course, referring to Jesus’ story of the rich man and Lazarus:  LUKE 16:19-31 “There was a rich man who was dressed in purple and fine linen and lived in luxury every day. 20 At his gate was laid a beggar named Lazarus, covered with sores 21 and longing to eat what fell from the rich man’s table. Even the dogs came and licked his sores. 22 “The time came when the beggar died and the angels carried him to Abraham’s side. The rich...

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Hell in the Bible: The True Literal View

Hell in the Bible: The True Literal View

There’s an excellent book on eternal damnation titled Two Views of Hell by Edward Fudge and Robert Peterson. The view of everlasting destruction is presented by Mr. Fudge and he does a great job as his case rests totally on Scripture, which, of course, is the proper way a defense of any Christian doctrine should be conducted. Peterson, on the other hand, advocates the view of eternal conscious torture by beginning “with eleven theologians who support his view and ending with rationalistic arguments involving human creeds. Sandwiched between is his appeal to ten passages of Scripture, most of which he interprets by quoting uninspired theologians,” as Mr. Fudge points out (202). Peterson has no recourse but to resort to this approach because his position lacks any...

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The Believer’s Intermediate State

The Believer’s Intermediate State

          In this chapter we will look at the believer’s intermediate state between death and resurrection. Let’s consider the two views: 1. The traditional view is that the disembodied souls of believers go straight to heaven when they die, awaiting their bodily resurrection. 2. Another view is that, like Old Testament saints, the souls of spiritually regenerated believers go to Sheol at the point of physical decease to “sleep” in death until their resurrection. The latter position is embraced to by many who adhere to literal destructionism, which they support by citing 1 Thessalonians 4:13-17 and John 5:28-29. If we genuinely want to know the truth on any given biblical topic it’s important to be honest with the Scriptures regardless of...

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